Raising geese is one of the most highly notable endeavors in the industry of farming. It may be hard at first, but then again most farming activities are hard. Raising geese, however, has a string of rewards that no other poultry-related business or hobby can offer. Indeed, geese farming is something that must be tried, if only to experience the joy that comes with it.

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The basics of geese farming first involves the choosing of the right goose breed that will match one’s intention for raising and rearing geese in the first place. There are goose breeds that are better for hobby purposes, and there are some that are ideal for profit-making. There are so many goose species out there, but the most commonly found ones are the following breeds: the African breed, the Egyptian breed, the Chinese breed, the Pilgrim breed, the Emden breed, and the Toulouse breed. The Sebaspatol breed as well as the Canadian breed and the Buff breed are also quite popular in geese farming. Each of these goose breeds has advantages and disadvantages. It is best to find out the features of each of these breeds in order to know which one fits your liking.

Of course, geese farming must be done in a wide track of land. About an acre – or more if possible – is considered good enough by poultry experts, but only if the geese to be raised do not exceed twenty. Otherwise, it’s highly suggested to transfer somewhere with a bigger land area. This space needs to have shelter for the geese, particularly for the eggs once the first pair of gander and goose starts to breed. The eggs will come quickly, and they need to be kept somewhere that’s free from insects, mice and other pests, and away from extreme temperatures.

Now, once the eggs are hatched, geese farming will involve food options for the young ones. The first thing that comes to mind is grass, but veterinarians actually discourage grass for newly hatched geese. Grass can be introduced into their diet after two weeks. In the interval, poultry food can be given. Water is very important, and only fresh water should be given. Water from a pond or a stream is most welcome.

Monday, June 13, 2016

The following is the first edition of a monthly series chronicling the U.S. 2016 presidential election. It features original material compiled throughout the previous month after an overview of the month’s biggest stories.

In this month’s edition on the campaign trail: a former Republican congressman briefly joins the Libertarian Party and runs for vice president; the Democratic Party names its National Convention Platform Drafting Committee amid controversy; and Wikinews interviews a candidate who had a surprisingly strong performance in the West Virginia Democratic presidential primary.


  • 1 Summary
  • 2 Ex GOP congressman joins LP, seeks VP, then leaves
  • 3 DNC aims for unity with Platform Drafting Committee picks; controversy ensues
  • 4 Interview with overachieving West Virginia Democratic protest candidate
  • 5 Related articles
  • 6 Sources

Rhinoplasty also known as nose job or nose reshaping, Rhinoplasty is a surgery to restructure the nose. Rhinoplasty word comes from a Greek word ‘Rhinos’ which means nose and ‘Plassein’ means to shape. Also referred to as Nose Job, it is one of the most popularly known and widely practiced plastic surgery in India.

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What is Rhinoplasty?

Rhinoplasty also known as nose job or nose reshaping, Rhinoplasty is a surgery to restructure the nose. Rhinoplasty word comes from a Greek word ‘Rhinos’ which means nose and ‘Plassein’ means to shape. Also referred to as Nose Job, it is one of the most popularly known and widely practiced plastic surgery in India.

Who Needs It? /Candidature For Rhinoplasty

Who is the best candidate for Rhinoplasty ?

Every surgical procedure including plastic or cosmetic surgery involves certain risks. You should undergo a Rhinoplasty only if you have a medical requirement or you feel that the particular surgery will enhance your quality of life.

You shall be a good candidate for the Rhinoplasty if you are healthy, you have realistic expectations from the outcome of the surgery and you are aware of all the risks associated with the procedure.

You cannot consider undergoing a cosmetic surgery if you have serious health issues like diabetes, heart diseases, high blood pressure, bleeding disorders like haemophilia or depression.

You shall not be a good candidate for the Rhinoplasty if you smoke or drink too much alcohol.

Conditions/ Reasons You Might Need a Rhinoplasty

Generally, people who go for rhinoplasty are dissatisfied with their nose appearance and wish to improve the structure and aesthetic appearance. A lower percentage of rhinoplasty are patients who suffer from discomfort or breathing disorders due to improper structures or may have faced some nose injuries. A large percentage of candidates for rhinoplasty are in good health and are aware of the risks which come with surgery and have practical assumptions regarding the surgical outcomes.

People may have

  • Aesthetic Reasons
  • Medical Reasons

Aesthetic Appearance or Unsatisfactory aesthetic appearance (disproportion)

People feel embarrassed or uncomfortable for multiple reasons. Cosmetic nasal surgery is safe and efficient. It is an ancient art that is been practiced for years. Rhinoplasty can be used to customize the shape and size and entire appearance of the nose.

Read on to see if your reasons for considering rhinoplasty make you a good candidate.

Reason #1: You have always hated your nose

If you had been unsatisfied with the structure of your nose since childhood, in this case, you have abundant time to think about how and which a part of your nose you want to fix. Before opting for rhinoplasty one should take time to understand the gravity of the problem which one seeks to get resolved by rhinoplasty.

Reason #2: You want nasal reconstruction

Rhinoplasty is the suitable option for restoring the structure and the functioning of your nose if it had been injured and not healed perfectly. Reconstructive rhinoplasty can improve the aesthetic appearance and also solve breathing problems. The outcome of the surgery significantly depends on the severity and the complications of the injury to the nose, however, a skilled surgeon can get great results. Insurance may cover these kinds of reconstructive surgeries.

Reason #3: You want improvement, not perfection

This will allow the facial features to be in harmony.

Patients also ask surgeon during rhinoplasty to :

The bridge of their noses to be narrowed.

Their nostrils to be widened or narrowed.

Straighten a crooked nose.

The tip of their noses to be reshaped.

Make the nose symmetrical.

If you want to go through rhinoplasty to attain “perfect” nose, then you are most likely to experience disappointment post surgery. Rhinoplasty can give awesome results but one cannot keep unrealistic expectations.

Reason #4: You want a nose that improves your facial balance and fits your face

The nose has the ability to influence the entire look of the face. If you want to reshape your nose bigger, smaller, thinner, straighter, etc. for facial feature harmony, rhinoplasty is the perfect option to consider. However, if you want your nose to look or resemble any specific celebrity,it may or may not suit your appearance. Going for a custom look which can complement your face is a better option.

Medical Reasons You Might Need a Rhinoplasty

1. Breathing Difficulties or Obstructed airway

When you are facing difficulties in breathing due to deviation in septum or nostril collapse your physician will advise a suitable procedure to fix the issue. If you undergo rhinoplasty for breathing disorder it may also enhance your face.

2. Nasal Fractures or Broken Facial Bones

The facial structure can be damaged due to accidents. If the nose and facial bones get disturbed and require repair, in such cases rhinoplasty is the solution. A broken nose is at the time quite painful and may bleed to large extent at times. It may result in swelling which blocks normal breathing. A septal hematoma is a medical emergency as it may lead to severe infections and damage to the septum. Rhinoplasty can not only fix your nose but septal nasal repair can also repair the functions of the nose.

3. Cleft Lip or Palate

Your physician will advise a suitable surgical procedure in case you have problems like Cleft lip or Cleft palate

Rhinoplasty is a perfect solution for Cleft nasal deformity. Since it is a complicated medical operation which involves both nose and mouth structures, rhinoplasty will help correct the natural balance of the face. Cleft lip generally requires multiple rhinoplasty procedures to restructure the abnormality.

Rhinoplasty has a good success rate which helps people to completely solve the problem. Specifically, children who experience cleft lip in their early stage have a great possibility of nasal recovery and their nose can grow symmetrically.

4. Severe Facial Burns

Reconstructing the face after serious burns is a is extremely difficult as the entire tissue needs to be replaced carefully. When a person has suffered harsh damage to his face due to serious burns, a nose surgery can be an effective medical procedure. The objective of rhinoplasty is to eradicate functional impairment such as nasal blockage after the severe burns on the face. It is a critical medical procedure to establish the normal airway which allows the patient to live normally.

5. Sinus Problems

Sinus infections and sinusitis is one of the symptoms of a deviated septum. If ignored sinus infections can lead to chronic sinusitis which may head to genuine medical disorders.

Septoplasty is a type of rhinoplasty which is specifically for people suffering from chronic sinusitis due to the deviated nasal septum. This surgery repairs the nasal alignment by which the sinus works accurately.

6. Melanoma, other cancers

A person who gets melanoma on his nose have to do plastic surgery to restructure the form of the nose once the cancer is removed.

7. Nasal pathologies

Rhinophyma, haemangiomas or any other disease causing deformities of the nose

8. Failed primary rhinoplasty

Your surgeon may need to repeat rhinoplasty to improve results.

Benefits Of Rhinoplasty

Besides tangible benefits which include functioning and aesthetic appearances rhinoplasty also influence emotional gains such as confidence and self –esteem of an individual. Most people who have the embarrassment of nasal deformity suffer through lack of confidence and low self-esteem.



Ageing is a natural process which everyone goes through. Visible wrinkles, fine lines, blemishes are signs of ageing. Such skin flaws makes you look tired or aged. But with Rhinoplasty like suitable treatment one feels younger, healthier and rejuvenated.


Nowadays Rhinoplasty is gaining immense popularity because it produce results that blend extremely well with a patient’s facial aesthetics. Soon after the surgery, one gets back to the desired or normal shape of a treated body part. One does not have to wait long to see the result, which is the beauty of cosmetic surgery.


Some cosmetic surgery procedures have double advantage; it will improve physical health as well as your looks.

For example, a rhinoplasty or nose job enhances the aesthetics of the nose and at the same time helps improve breathing and can potentially reduce sinus infections.

Breast reduction surgery, which is commonly requested by many women has benefits for not only improving aesthetic appearance and but also eliminates any physical and emotional discomfort which come along with it.

Some researchers also believe that removal of breast tissue in men can lower the risk of cancer in that tissue.


Self Confidence is a tool that helps us face challenges and tackle problems in life, with great certainty. When you look good, you feel good which in turn increases your self confidence. It leads to greater willingness to try new things or open up in social situations. You become more willing and open to wearing certain clothes or participating in activities which you avoided prior to surgery, due to discomfort in your appearance.

Certain clinicians and psychologists feel, few corrections in your body parts, by cosmetic surgery can not only lead to emotional wellness but also enhanced mental health.

Rhinoplasty Procedure

In this process, the surgeon models the cartilage and bone of the nose reshaping and correcting it as needed to result in the patients intended look. With respect to technique, the nose job can be divided into open Rhinoplasty and closed Rhinoplasty. In open rhinoplasty, also referred to as external rhinoplasty, incisions are made to the columella (also called as trans-columellar incisions) to bridge the right and left nostril incisions, whereas in closed rhinoplasty, also referred to as endonasal rhinoplasty, the incisions are made within the nose.

People unsatisfied with their artistic/aesthetic appearance can opt for rhinoplasty which is a safe, effective and time-tested solution. When performed by skilled surgeons it can optimize the looks and features of an individual and improve one’s confidence.

Source: Free Articles from ArticlesFactory.com

Restaurant menu boards have evolved from its original purpose. While many dictionaries agree that a menu board is a “bill of fare” or “a list of food items a restaurant prepares and serves”, the purpose of the menu board now has a broader, more comprehensive role. David V. Pavesic, Ph.D, of Restaurantinformer.com insightfully states the five goals of an effective menu boards, within the scope of today’s standards. A well designed menu board should:

  • be an effective communication, marketing and cost control tool;
  • emphasize what the customer wants and what the restaurant prepares and serves best;
  • obtain the necessary check average needed to realize sales goals and bottom line return;
  • utilize staff and equipment in an efficient manner; and
  • lead to more accurate forecasting of the menu sales mix.

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Clearly, from these five goals, a menu board contains more than just items on a list. They demonstrate the importance of the research and logistics that are needed before a menu board can be produced and installed. Too much depends on a menu board to not give it the attention and budget needed to ensure a spectacular final product. But too much also depends on the menu board to not make it a team effort. Everyone from the owner, management, head chef to potential customer focus groups should be involved in the decision-making process.

Much of the restaurant’s success will depend on the design of their menu board. It needs to be designed from the perspective of the targeted clientele the restaurant wants to attract, without leaving out traditional favorites and creative selections. Whether you choose to fabricate your own menu board or contract the services of a professional menu provider, the restaurant’s profit, cost, and sales goals must be reflected in your menu design.

No one can design a menu board to accomplish these goals successfully unless they understand the process. This means consulting and utilizing the professional services of graphic designers, printers, copywriters, and menu consultants on type fonts, colors, ink types, paper thickness and texture, graphics, photography, and any remaining visual techniques you want to apply to your menu board design.

If you have financial dealings that involve other countries or currencies, such as foreign property, assets, or investments, odds are you are not handling all of your finances on your own. You have probably recognized that such complex financial dealings require the guidance of an accountant, especially come tax season, to ensure that you are falling within the tax laws of your own country and those within which you have investments. You may be wondering if a standard accountant is sufficient to help you, or if you should seek the services of a specialized international tax consultant. You may also be wondering if there is a significant difference in the services provided by each.

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You can be assured that there are some differences in expertise and qualifications. Here are the benefits of hiring an international tax consultant.


Quite often, an international tax consultant will have some type of education that qualifies them to specialize in international taxes over and above standard accounting qualifications. They may have majored in international business or accounting while completing their bachelor’s degree, or they may have completed a post-degree certification in international tax consulting. This provides them with a better knowledge of the intricacies of international taxes.

Of course, education is more than classrooms and certifications. A qualified international tax consultant keeps him or herself educated and up to date on changes in international tax law and best practices. Though a domestic accountant may stay somewhat up to date on those matters, they likely approach it with less dedication.


It’s not just formal education that differentiates an international tax consultant from a standard accountant; it’s also experience. Unless you’re hiring a rookie accountant, your international tax consultant will have been in the business for some time, and he or she will be familiar with the ins and outs of international tax law. Odds are he or she will have already encountered any complex or challenging situation you may find yourself in, and he or she will be able to handle it with more certainty and finesse than a standard accountant who has less experience in international tax.


One of the best parts about hiring international tax consultants is that they are still accountants. They still have the same base level of training and experience as any other accountant; they just happen to also have an extra layer of expertise on top of that. That means they are also qualified to handle your domestic accounting, taxes, and financial matters. In other words, they should be able to handle your entire portfolio. This saves you from having to turn to multiple accountants or financial consultants, which only increases the risk of error and creates a hassle for you. An international tax consultant can handle your finances in a comprehensive, thorough manner.

Though a standard, domestic accountant has a great deal of value and can provide great services, when it comes to international taxes, investments, and assetsFind Article, your best bet is always to seek out the specialized services of an international tax consultant.

Source: Free Articles from ArticlesFactory.com

Thursday, January 14, 2010

Countries and organizations from around the world are sending aid and help to victims of the devastating 7.0 magnitude earthquake that struck Haiti on Tuesday, damaging many buildings. The death toll is currently unknown, but estimated to run into the tens of thousands of people.

US president Barack Obama said in a press conference that “I’ve directed my administration to launch a swift, coordinated and aggressive effort to save lives and support the recovery in Haiti.”

Obama announced that aid from the US armed forces was coming to Haiti, noting, “Several Coast Guard cutters are already there providing everything from basic services like water, to vital technical support for this massive logistical operation.”

Obama continued: “[…] today, I’m also announcing an immediate investment of $100 million to support our relief efforts. This will mean more of the life-saving equipment, food, water and medicine that will be needed. This investment will grow over the coming year as we embark on the long-term recovery from this unimaginable tragedy.”

Obama said that the US would forge partnerships with Haitian people and Haitian-Americans, along with United Nations peacekeepers. He closed by saying, “To the people of Haiti, we say clearly, and with conviction, you will not be forsaken; you will not be forgotten. In this, your hour of greatest need, America stands with you. The world stands with you.”

The UN Secretary-General, Ban Ki-moon said that $10 million is being released from the international organization’s central emergency response fund.

Meanwhile, the UN’s World Food Programme (WFP), which already has an existing operation in the country, is beginning to distribute high energy biscuits which require no preparation before eating. On top of that, the WFP is airlifting 86 metric tons of food from their emergency hub in El Salvador.

A spokesperson for the WFP said, “In a normal day the World Food Programme will be feeding one or two million people in Haiti — and now we need to do even more, because the people have lost everything.”

China is also pledging aid to the country, despite the lack of official diplomatic ties between the two countries. Haiti recognizes the Republic of China, better known as Taiwan. Nevertheless, China has sent a 60 member search and rescue team to Haiti and the Chinese Red Cross is donating one million dollars in emergency aid.

Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson Jiang Yu said her country expresses sympathy to the Haitian government and people. Jiang says the Chinese foreign minister has sent a telegram of condolence to his Haitian counterparts.

An 80 member team from the United Kingdom of search and rescue specialists has arrived in Haiti to help in efforts there. British Prime Minister Gordon Brown said in a joint press conference with Toaiseach of Ireland Brian Cowen that the team has arrived in the country. He also announced that the government is pledging to match the UN’s US$10 million (£6.1 million).

Brown said, “It is a tragedy beyond imagination and there is a deep sense of loss felt by the whole of the British and Irish people about the tragedy that individual families in Haiti are experiencing at the moment. We send our message of sympathy and support to the people of Haiti at this most difficult of times.”

He added, “Where men, women and children are suffering under the heaviest of burdens, that place must, for that moment, become the centre of our world’s attention, the world’s compassion and the world’s humanitarian help.”

France is also sending aid to the French-speaking country, which at one time was a colony of France known as Saint-Domingue. France is sending two planes with rescuers and aid. Civil safety authorities in France are sending a team of 130 members consisting of rescuers, trained rescue dogs, doctors and nurses along with 12,000 tons of aid and rescue supplies.

Israel is sending rescue forces in two El Al planes carrying a 121-member delegation that includes 40 doctors, five search-and-rescue teams, and an army rescue squad. The IDF medical teams are preparing to spend two weeks in Haiti.

Spain has pledged $4.3 million (3 million) in aid money and has 150 tons of aid ready to be delivered.

South Africa is sending a team of search and rescue specialists to Haiti in response to the devastating earthquake on Tuesday. It is the first of several teams being sent by a local civic group.

The head of South Africa’s Gift of the Givers Foundation, Emtiaz Sooliman, says his group is sending up to three teams of search and rescue specialists to Haiti to help victims of the earthquake and hopefully save some lives.

“These are people who have worked with building collapses, urban search and rescue and some of them have been involved in responding to previous earthquakes so they are highly skilled,” he said.

Sooliman says a second team is to depart as soon as he can book a flight for it.

 This story has updates See Haiti relief efforts: in depth 

Monday, April 17, 2006

Canada‘s Food Inspection Agency has confirmed that a cow in British Columbia, Canada, tested positive for bovine spongiform encephalopathy, or “mad cow disease”. Officials announced on Friday that initial tests done on the purebred six-year-old dairy Holstein had come back inconclusive. The cow was found in Fraser Valley, a farming community near Vancouver, British Columbia.

Officials also say that the beef supply is safe because none of the infected cows had made it to the human food chain. “This finding does not affect the safety of Canadian beef. Tissues in which BSE is known to concentrate in infected animals are removed from all cattle slaughtered in Canada for domestic and international human consumption. No part of this animal entered the human food or animal feed systems,” said agency officials in a statement on Sunday.

“This animal, a six-year-old dairy cow, developed BSE after the implementation of Canada’s feed ban. Investigators will pay particular attention to the feed to which the animal may have been exposed early in its life, when cattle are most susceptible to BSE. The CFIA is collecting records of feed purchased by and used on the animal’s birth farm,” the statement continued.

However, the United States does not believe a ban on Canadian beef will come immediately. “Information gathered through this investigation will help us to determine what, if any, impact this should have on our beef and live cattle trade with Canada. Based on the information currently available, I do not anticipate a change in the status of our trade,” said U.S. Agriculture Secretary Mike Johanns.

This is Canada’s fifth confirmed case of the disease since May 2003, and officials have tested more than 100,000 cows since the first case of the disease turned up in Alberta. This is the second cow to test positive for the disease this year.

At least 150 people worldwide have died from eating beef contaminated with the variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, a nerve disease that is usually fatal. Most of the deaths occurred in the United Kingdom.

Saturday, March 1, 2008

While nearly all coverage of the 2008 United States Presidential election has focused on the Democratic and Republican candidates, the race for the White House also includes independents and third party candidates. These parties represent a variety of views that may not be acknowledged by the major party platforms.

Wikinews has impartially reached out to these candidates, throughout the campaign. We now interview independent Presidential candidate Jon Greenspon, a veteran and small business executive.

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Sunday, August 29, 2010

A University of Tokyo group of researchers, led by bioengineer Shoji Takeuchi, has made an electronic sensor capable of smelling gases. The sensor uses genetically engineered frog cells. Since previous sensors were not very accurate, the scientist decided to try a biological approach. The invention was revealed in a US scientific journal yesterday, and is supposed to be used to design better machines to detect polluting gases in the atmosphere.

Previous smell sensors were based on quartz rods, which vibrate when a substance binds to them. The gases are distinguished by their molar masses, which can be similar for molecules with different structure, thus relatively often triggering a false positive. Trying to find a more accurate solution, Takeuchi decided to follow an example from insect world. As he explained, “when you think about the mosquito, it is able to find people because of carbon dioxide from the human. So the mosquito has CO2 receptors. When we can (extract) DNA (from the mosquito) we can put this DNA into the frog eggs to detect CO2.”

Genes of several insects (the silk moth, diamondback moth and fruit fly), injected into African clawed frog Xenopus laevis eggs, allowed them to produce relatively inexpensive and useful sensors. The choice of the species was caused by their widely studied and well-understood protein expression mechanism.

The modified cells responded to three kinds of pheromones and one odourant, which have similar chemical properties. When a molecule of an odorous substance adhered to the receptor on the membrane protein, ion channels opened for a certain period of time, and a current was generated. Its magnitude was clearly different for all four tested substances, allowing to distinguish between them accurately.

The colleagues embedded the sensor into a mannequin, so that it could shake its head when a gas was detected. It was easier to observe. Pheromones and molecules with quite similar molecule structure produced clearly distinguishable reaction, with higher accuracy than other biological or human-made sensors. As the research group said, the detection sensitivity of the odor sensor is several tens of parts per billion (ppb), and it is as high as the sensitivity of an existing odor sensor that uses an oxide semiconductor. The distinctive feature of the new sensor is its capability to selectively detect some odorous substances, rather than its sensitivity. Very few false positives were possible due to the biological mechanism involved.

At normal temperature, the sensor lifetime is about 12 hours, which can be extended by putting it into a refrigerator before first use.

Shoji Takeuchi says has a great hope for research use in future, since the frog eggs are very practical for genetic engineering, and can be conveniently used to develop smell sensors for a wide range of gases. He said, “The X. laevis oocyte has high versatility for the development of chemical sensors for various odorants. We believe that a shared ability to smell might open a new relationship between man and robot. .. The research will have wide implications… If the sensor is embedded in a nursing robot, it will be able to identify certain mouth odors or body odors. Also, it can be used for detecting CO2, air pollution, water pollution and food. It’s very important for the environment.”

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